Longmen Grottoes Picture

Longmen Grottoes was promulgated a key national cultural relic unit for special protection and in November 2000, Longmen Grottoes was inscribed on World Heritage List by UNESCO

Longmen Grottoes was promulgated a key national cultural relic unit for special protection and in November 2000, Longmen Grottoes was inscribed on World Heritage List by UNESCO. Longmen Grottoes is located on both banks of the Yi River, 13 kilometers south of Luoyang City. Here the two hills stand facing each other and the Yihe River washes its way northward through the gorge. It seems to be a natural gate, historically called “Yique”, later in Sui Dynasty renamed “Longmen”. The carving work at Longmen began in Northern Wei Dynasty when emperor Xiaowen moved his capital to Luoyang. It lasted more than 400 years. At present there are over 2,300 caves and niches, more than one hundred thousand Buddhist images and over 300,000 characters of inscriptions. The grottoes and niches in the two hills are known at home and abroad for their large numbers, massive scales, and variety of subjects, delicate carving and profound meaning. With their original imperial style and the style of central China, the grottoes created during the Northern Wei period and the Tang Dynasty reached the pinnacle of the development of stone carving at that time and differed from grottoes created earlier.

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