Ruins of Yuanmingyuan Picture

Yuanmingyuan, also called the Garden of Perfect Splendor, was constructed in 1707 during the reign of Emperor Kangxi in Qing Dynasty…

Yuanmingyuan, also called the Garden of Perfect Splendor, was constructed in 1707 during the reign of Emperor Kangxi in Qing Dynasty. This "garden of the gardens" had a circumference of 10 kilometers and occupied an area of more than 347 hectares. It had been expanded in the next 150 years to become the largest and most magnificent imperial garden in the world. Yuanmingyuan was not only based on traditional Chinese gardening arts, the Western techniques and styles were also integrated into it. Unfortunately the garden was looted and burned by the Anglo-French Joint Forces in 1860. Of the hundreds of large and small buildings, which once stood here, there are a few remains left in stone, a sorry reminder of past greatness. The most striking ruin in the whole garden is the complex of Western-style buildings built in 1746 during Emperor Qianlong's reign. Situated near the northern wall of the Garden of Eternal Spring, these buildings were designed by the Jesuits Castiglione and Benoit. They included the Observatory and Hall of Tranquility, which were decorated with fine fountains and pools in the style of Versailles. In addition, their roofs and walls were embellished with glazed tiles in brilliant colors…

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