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Cultural Festival Draws Crowds of Spectators


A Sichuan opera performer spits fire during the 1st International Festival of the Intangible Cultural Heritage in Chengdu , the capital of southwestern China's Sichuan Province, on Wednesday, May 23, 2007. The festival is the first one of its kind on the globe involving protection and conservation of intangible cultural heritage of the human world, according to the local government.
A Sichuan opera performer attends the 1st International Festival of the Intangible Cultural Heritage on Wednesday.
People, wearing Sichuan opera masks, watch performances during the 1st International Festival of the Intangible Cultural Heritage on Wednesday. Ran Fan, a 61-year-old pensioner from Dujiangyan, got up at 5AM Wednesday morning to take a bus to Chengdu, the capital of southwestern China's Sichuan Province, to catch the opening ceremony of the International Festival of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, which started at 8:30 AM. "I learned from the media about two weeks ago that the opening ceremony will be followed by a parade of singers and dancers from different parts of the country," said Ran, a former high school art teacher. He was one of some 10,000 spectators who participated in Wednesday morning's parade held along Shuncheng Street in downtown Chengdu. Following the speeches by local and regional officials praising the achievements made by Chengdu and China in protecting its intangible cultural heritage, the one-hour parade started with a performance of the Imposing Gong and Drum troupe from northern China's Shanxi Province. The deafening sound from gong and drum beating drew applause and yelling from excited spectators. Hailed as the best in the country, the Imposing Gong and Drum from Shanxi has performed in many domestic and international events since the 1980s. Singers and dancers from Romania, South Korea, Russia, Africa, Brazil and Mexico, followed, along with performances from the Tibetan and Qiang ethnic groups of China, acrobats from eastern China's Jiangsu Province, Shaolin Buddhist monks demonstrated martial arts, and Sichuan opera performers breathing fire and dragon dance performers from Sichuan debuted in procession. "Both their performances and traditional costumes were marvelous and wonderful to see," commented Ran. "I knew many sites on the World Heritage List, but I did not know what the intangible cultural heritage was. I learned a lot about it from the parade," Ran said. Many spectators mistook all the performers for professionals because of their wonderful performances. But Qiang Ba, a middle-aged Tibetan who led a group of dancers from Qamdo, Tibet, said: "All the dancers are farmers at home and have rehearsed together for two months." The performances not only drew locals like Ran but also Tang Rongmei, a 67-year-old American professor teaching in the Guangya School in Chengdu and she brought 15 students with her. Tang, an educator who graduated from Columbia University with several degrees in education and education-related fields, is teaching English to a group of rural women teachers from different parts of Sichuan. Tang, who visited the Shaolin Temple in 1999 with some American high school students, liked the martial arts performed by the monks the most. "To me, the Shaolin martial arts show what life should be - energetic and concentrated," she said. "None of my students knew about the opening ceremony or the parade before I told them the day before. But they were all were excited to see the performances and kept taking pictures," Tang explained. "One said that she had never seen anything so grand in her life." The 19-day International Festival of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, approved by the State Council, sponsored by the Ministry of Culture and Sichuan Provincial Government, and organized by the Chengdu Municipal Government, the Sichuan Provincial Department of Culture and the China National Center of Intangible Cultural Heritage Protection, is aimed at furthering China's efforts in protecting its intangible cultural heritage and enhancing its global influence in the field, said Ding Wei, Assistant to the Minister of Culture. The reason why Chengdu was chosen as the location for hosting the event is because of its status as one of China's historically and culturally famous cities and for its efforts to protect and develop cultural heritage, he said. "Chengdu is the only Chinese city which has never changed its name or site for more than 2,000 years," Ding said. "This fact alone can justify the decision to choose Chengdu as the venue for the festival." According to Deng Gongli, deputy secretary-general of the Chengdu Municipal Government, a total of 32 groups of singers and dancers from Europe, Africa, America and Asia participated in the parade. The festival drew some 520 people from 52 countries around the world. Wednesday's parade was the China debut of the Roundabout Samba from Brazil, said Deng, who added the singers and performers will also perform in another eight venues in parks and squares in Chengdu and ancient towns in the suburbs. May 23 also marked the formal opening of the Exposition of the International Festival of the Intangible Cultural Heritage in the National Intangible Cultural Heritage Park located in the city's Jinniu District. With 80 halls, the Exposition will display more than 1,000 domestic and overseas intangible cultural heritage items from May 23 to June 10 with free admission. Deng said that folk artisans will display their work. Muqam, a traditional performance of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, can be seen in the Exposition. Combining music, dance, singing and poetry, Muqam is on the List of the Oral and Intangible Cultural Heritage of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. "It will be the first time that Muqam makes its debut outside of Xinjiang," said Zhu Shuxi, chief of the Chengdu Municipal Bureau of Culture. He added that the famous Xiaoxiang Lion Dance would also be performed in the Exposition. The dance, which has its origins in Xiaoxiang Village in Gongyi, central China's Henan province, has a history of more than 400 years and is likely to be performed at the opening ceremony of the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Nearly 70 performers will show their stunts of climbing to the top of poles more than 10 meters high while dressed and dancing like lions. Opera lovers will also have the rare opportunity to appreciate the Chuankun Opera in the Auditorium of the Sichuan Opera School Thursday and Friday evening because not many people have continued practicing this art form. Performers from Sichuan and neighboring Chongqing Municipality will put on 10 classical plays of the Chuankun Opera, such as, "Stealing the Peach" and "Falling from the Horse." With a history of 600 years, the Kunqu Opera, which is on the UNESCO's List of Oral and Intangible Cultural Heritage List, is referred to as the "ancestor of all operas" in China. Sichuan Opera was developed during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), based on five local operas including the Kunqu Opera. The Chuankun Opera is a branch of the Kunqu Opera in Sichuan, Zhu said.

(Source:China Daily , 2007-05-24)