Remains of Secondary Capital

Remains of Secondary Capital, Chongqing Attractions, Chongqing Travel GuideChongqing served as the secondary capital of the Kuomintang government for eight years from November 1937 to October 1945. Chongqing's modern history begins in 1891, when it was made an open port and it formally became a city in 1929. During World War II, the Kuomintang Government moved the capital to Chongqing and made it a municipality directly under the central government. This was reversed by Mao Zedong's government in 1954 when it again came under the jurisdiction of the Sichuan provincial government. There are still some reminders of that part of Chongqing's history. The official residence of Mr. Chiang Kai-shek and his wife Madam Song Meiling are on Huangshan of the Southern Bank District. You can also visit the home of US General George C. Marshall, who served as a mediator during the war. Stilwell center, the former residence of US Army General Stilwell, has good videos about the Japanese war.