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Kaifeng Attractions

Dragon Pavilion

Dragon PavilionThis splendid building in the northwest corner of the city was originally the site of the imperial palace of the Northern Song Dynasty, formerly called Longevity Pavilion. The present building was reconstructed, covered with golden glazed tiles and has graceful upturned eaves in 1692 in the 31th year of the reign of Qing Emperor Kangxi. The Great Hall was on a 13-meter-high brick platform. The stone way is composed of three staircases with 72 steps. On a slanting stone halfway up the seventy-two steps which lead to a raised platform in front of the building, there are some vague horseshoe outlines among the carved dragon patterns.

Xiangguo Temple

Xiangguo TempleLocated in downtown of Kaifeng city, Xiangguo temple is one of the most famous Buddhist temples in China. It was originally built in 555 AD during the Northern Qi Dynasty; it has a history of over 1,400 years. In the Northern Song Dynasty, the temple was enlarged many times and became the largest temple and the national Buddhist center at that time. It was firstly named Jianguo Monastery, in 712 AD, it was given the name the Great Xiangguo Temple by the Emperor Reizong in memory of his ascending to the throne of emperor from the former position of King Xiang. During the Northern Song Dynasty, it was deeply worshipped and respected by the royal family enlarging for several times, it once occupied an area as large as 500 mu of land, with 64 meditation yards, law yards under its administration, with more than 1,000 monks, being the biggest monastery in the capital city and the center of national Buddhist activities.

Iron Tower

Iron TowerIron Tower Located in the Iron Tower Park, northeastern corner of Kaifeng City. The tower was first built in 982 (during the Song Dynasty), made of an entire timber frame, was kept in Kaibao Temple, so it's also known as "Kaibao Temple Tower ". Later in 1049 A.D the first year of Huangyou of Northern Song Dynasty, the surface of the pagoda was covered with iron-colored glazed tiles, which made it look like an Iron Pagoda, hence its present name. The temple was renamed several times in the successive periods and was finally pulled down during the Qing Dynasty. In 1961, Iron Tower was designated by the State Council as the key antique unit under special protection.

Memorial Temple to Lord Bao

Memorial Temple to Lord BaoLocated on the west bank of Baogong Lake, the Baogong Memorial Temple was built to commemorate the respectable and morally lofty official Bao Zheng in the Northern Song Dynasty in 1984. Baogong has been honored as one of the most honest and upright judges in Chinese history and has been praised by generation after generation. Many Chinese operas use him as a character. The temple occupies a floorage of 1,800 sq. meters and consists of three sections, namely main exhibition area, garden landscape area and function service area. The main exhibition area consists of main hall, secondary hall, flank halls on the east and west sides, Hall-wall Corridor, the stone stele pavilion and the main entrance, most of which were designed and built in typical Song style.

Kaifeng Attractions List
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